An introduction to neurogenic communication disorders / Robert H. Brookshire

Author(s): Brookshire, Robert H
Location:
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Subjects: Communicative disorders
Speech disorders
Aphasia
Formats: Print
Material Type: Books
Language: English
Audience: Unspecified
Edition: 4th ed
Published: St. Louis : Mosby Year Book, c1992
LC Classification: R, RC
Physical Description: xiii, 318 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Table of Contents: Preface
1. Neuroanatomy 1
The General Structure of the Nervous System 1
The Central Nervous System 3
Nerve Cells and Neural Pathways 11
The Peripheral Nervous System 16
Blood Supply to the Brain 20
2. The Neurologic Examination 23
The Medical History 23
The Physical Examination 25
Interpretation of Laboratory Tests 28
3. Neuropathology of Aphasia 34
Acute Events 34
Insidious Processes 40
4. Neurophysiology of Aphasia and Related Disorders 45
Language and Cerebral Dominance 45
Connectionist Explanations of Aphasia 46
Speech, Language, and the Brain 47
Modifications to the Connectionistic Model Based on Contemporary Findings 53
Subcortical Aphasia 53
Lesion Size, Lesion Location, and Aphasia Syndrome 55
Related Disorders 55
5. Assessing Aphasia and Related Impairments 64
Preliminaries to Formal Testing 64
How the Clinician Decides What to Test 73
Comprehensive Aphasia Tests 74
Descriptions of Major Comprehensive Aphasia Tests 78
Assessments of Functional Communication 85
Other Tests of Speech and Language 87
Other Tests of Communicative Functions 93
Tests of Intellect and Cognition 104
Test Interpretation 113
6. The Context for Treatment of Neurogenic Communication Disorders 116
General Effects of Brain Damage on Behavior 116
Some "Paralinguistic" Variables That May Affect Response Adequacy 121
Candidacy for Treatment 124
The Treatment Team 126
Methods for Deciding What to Treat 129
General Characteristics of Treatment Sessions 131
Task Difficulty 133
Response Recording and Charting 134
The Role of Feedback 138
Enhancing Generalization From the Clinic to Daily Life 140
7. Treatment of Aphasia 146
Clinical Assumptions Underlying Treatment for Aphasia 146
Candidacy for Treatment 151
Treatment Objectives 152
The Focus and Progression of Treatment 154
Treatment of Auditory Comprehension 155
Treatment of Reading 167
Treatment of Speech Production 172
Group Activities for Aphasic Adults 182
8. Right Hemisphere Syndrome 186
Behavioral and Cognitive Symptoms of Right Hemisphere Brain Damage 187
Tests for Assessing Patients With Right-Hemisphere Brain Injury 191
Tests of Visual Perception 194
Treatment of Patients With Right-Hemisphere Brain Damage 196
Cognitive and Perceptual Impairments 199
Generalization 203
9. Traumatic Brain Injuries 204
Neuropathology 204
Penetrating Brain Injuries 204
Nonpenetrating Brain Injuries 205
Secondary Consequences of Traumatic Brain Injury 206
Ischemic Brain Damage 209
Cerebral Vasospasm 210
Assessment of Traumatically Brain-Injured Patients 210
Rehabilitation of Traumatically Brain-Injured Patients 217
10. Dementia 224
Causes of Dementia 224
Clinical Management of Dementia 230
The Long Haul: The Family and the Dementia Patient 235
11. Dysarthria 243
Neuropathology of Dysarthria 243
Slowness and Incoordination 247
Sensory Loss 249
Effects of Neurologic Impairments on Speech Processes 249
Evaluation of Dysarthria 250
Treatment of Dysarthria 259
Environmental Control and Education 266
Medical and Surgical Treatment 268
Augmentative and Alternative Communication 269
12. Apraxia of Speech 273
Neurophysiology of the Apraxias 273
Diagnosis of Apraxia 276
Evaluating Patients With Apraxia of Speech 277
Treatment of Apraxia of Speech 278
Index 308
Added Titles: Brookshire, Robert H Introduction to aphasia
Notes: LCCN: 91028054
ISBN: 0815112955
Rev. ed. of: An introduction to aphasia. 3rd ed. c1986
Includes bibliographical references (p. 287-307) and index
OCLC Number: 24212086
ISBN/ISSN: 0815112955