East, west, north, south : major developments in international politics 1945-1990 / Geir Lundestad ; translated from the Norwegian by Gail Adams Kvam

Author(s): Lundestad, Geir, 1945-
Location:
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Subjects: World politics--1945-1989
United States--Foreign relations--Soviet Union
Soviet Union--Foreign relations--United States
Formats: Print
Material Type: Books
Language: English, Norwegian (translated from)
Audience: Unspecified
Edition: Rev. ed
Published: Oslo : Norwegian University Press ; Oxford : Oxford University Press [distributor], 1991
LC Classification: D
Physical Description: 335 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Table of Contents: Foreword / John L. Gaddis 9
Preface First Edition 11
Preface Second Edition 15
1. The World in 1945-1950 and in 1985-1990: A Comparison and Major Trends 17
1945-1950 17
1985-1990 22
2. The Cold War in Europe, 1945-1986 32
Three Main Theories About the Cold War 32
Some Structural Explanations for the Cold War 34
Who Acted Where? 38
US Policy 38
Soviet Policy 46
The Problem of Germany 53
Motivating Forces Behind US and Soviet Policies 58
The United States 58
The Soviet Union 62
3. The Cold War Becomes Global, 1945-1962 65
The United States, the Soviet Union, and Asia, 1945-1950 65
The Civil War in China 65
Other Countries in Asia 70
Signs of Re-evaluation in the Superpowers' Asian Policies 73
The Korean War 76
Changes in US Policy in Asia 81
The Soviet Union Tries to Play a Global Role 88
A New Policy in Asia and the Middle East 89
A New Policy in Africa 93
The Cold War Reaches Latin America 95
The United States, the Soviet Union, and the Third World: A Comparison 98
4. Detente Between East and West, 1962-1975 101
Signs of Detente During the 1950s 101
The Policy of Detente, 1962-1975 104
Agreements and Contact between East and West 105
Reasons for Detente 108
Detente and Geographic Expansion of the East-West Conflict 115
Respect for Each Other's Vital Regions 115
The Grey Zones between East and West 117
The Middle East, 1967-1975 118
The Vietnam War 121
5. Renewed Tension Between East and West, 1975-1990 128
The Soviet Union: A New Globalism 129
The United States: Reaction to Detente 136
6. The End of the Cold War, 1984-1990 146
7. The Arms Race, 1945-1990 154
Perspective and Motivating Forces 154
Hiroshima, Atomic Weapons and Conventional Forces, 1945-1949 155
The US Turnabout, 1949-1953 159
New Directions in US and Soviet Defense Policies 161
The 'New Look' 161
The 'New Look' in the Soviet Union 165
The Smaller Nuclear Nations 167
Kennedy, McNamara and Flexible Response 170
The Soviet Build-Up 174
The US Reaction 179
The First Phase: Prior to 1973-74 179
The Second Phase: The Years up to 1984 180
Cooperation and Disarmament 185
8. Developments Within the Western Bloc, 1945-1990 187
Expansion by Invitation, 1945-1950 187
European Integration, 1945-1973 191
Explanations for the US Stance 196
US-European Relations, 1950-1973 198
Cooperation prior to 1962 198
Political and Military Controversy, 1962-1973 201
Economic Relations, 1962-1973 205
The United States and Western Europe After 1973: Tensions Increase 207
Expansion and Integration of the EC 207
From the Year of Europe to George Bush 210
Underlying Attitudes and Explanations for the Controversies 213
The Reunification of Germany 216
The United States and Japan, 1945-1990 218
1945-1960: Occupation and US Dominance 218
1960-1990: Economic Strength and Greater Political Independence 220
9. The Soviet Union and the Communist Countries, 1945-1990 225
Expansion and Conformism, 1945-1953 225
The Reins Are Loosened (1953-1956) and Tightened (1956-1958) 229
The Revolts in Poland and Hungary in 1956 230
The Split Between the Soviet Union and China 232
From Cooperation to Armed Struggle 233
Explanations for the Split 236
The Soviet-Chinese-US Triangle after 1972 241
Soviet Relations With Eastern Europe After 1958-1985 244
Czechoslovakia--1968 249
Developments in Poland 250
The Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe 252
The Soviet Union and the Communist Movement Elsewhere 256
10. Decolonization 260
Changes on the International Level 260
The National Level: Changes Within the Colonial Powers 263
British Policies 263
French Policies 268
Belgium and Portugal 271
Why Different Attitudes? 273
The Local Level: Independence Movements Grow Stronger 275
The Three Stages 276
Economic and Cultural Development 277
The Influence of International Events 279
The Non-Aligned Nations in World Politics 281
11. Economic Relations Between North and South, 1945-1990 285
Two Theories Concerning Development and Underdevelopment 285
Aid and Trade, 1945-1990 289
1945-1956 289
1956-1964 291
1964-1981 292
1981-1990 294
The Soviet Union and North-South Issues 296
Some Comments on the Two Main Theories 297
The North's Development--The South's Underdevelopment? 298
The Multinational Corporations 304
Raw Materials and Processed Goods 306
The Question of Dependence 307
Why Poverty? 311
Bibliography 316
Index 323
Alternate Title(s): Øst, vest, nord, sør.
Notes: LCCN: gb 91013709
ISBN: 8200213196 (pbk) :£14.00 : CIP rev
Previous ed.: 1986
Translation of: Øst, vest, nord, sør
Includes bibliographical references (p. 316-[322]) and index
OCLC Number: 24695586
ISBN/ISSN: 8200213196