Forest and land management in Imperial China / Nicholas K. Menzies

Author(s): Menzies, Nicholas K
Retrieving Holdings Information
Subjects: Forests and forestry--China--History
Forests and forestry--Economic aspects--China--History
Forest management--China--History
Land tenure--China--History
China--History--Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Formats: Print
Material Type: Books
Language: English
Audience: Unspecified
Published: New York, N.Y. : St. Martin's Press, c1994
Series: Studies on the Chinese economy
LC Classification: S, SD
Physical Description: ix, 175 p. : maps ; 23 cm
Table of Contents: List of Maps
List of Tables
Introduction 1
1. Forests in China 7
Forest Vegetation 7
Transforming the Environment: Land Clearance and Deforestation 10
The Circuitous Paths of Deforestation 20
2. Forest Stability and Decline: A Delicate Balance 35
The Problem of Deforestation 35
The Conservation of Natural Resources 39
The Conditions for Forest Management in China 45
3. The Mulan Weichang Imperial Hunting Enclosure 55
Hunting, the Manchu Identity, and the Symbolism of Legitimation 57
Preservation of Nature as Political Imperative 61
The Demise of the Hunting Preserve 62
4. Temple and Monastic Forests 65
Secluded Mountains: the Landscape as a Resource 66
Normative, Coercive, and Remunerative Enforcement 68
5. Clans, Communities and Commons 75
Clan Lands 76
Communities and the Commons 78
The Setting for Communal Ownership 80
Management of Collective Lands 81
Clan and Village Forests and the Theory of Common Property 85
6. Trees in Agricultural Systems 89
Trees and Agriculture in South China 90
Market Linkages 93
Management of Cunninghamia and Pine 95
Ownership and Control of Trees 97
Forestry and Ethnic Minorities 99
Why Plant Trees: Enforcement or Incentives? 102
7. Beyond Timber: Fuelwood, Sericulture and Fungi 105
Fuelwood and Charcoal 105
Silk and Edible Fungi 108
8. In the Depths of the Mountains: Logging the Old Growth 111
Bandits, Logging, and the Pacification of the Wilderness 113
Economic Links: Markets and the timing of Logging Operations 116
Control and Enforcement 118
Constraints on Settlement and Conversion 120
9. Discussion and Conclusions 123
Enforcement and Compliance 123
Deforestation or Forest Management - some Issues 128
App. Methods Used in the Study 139
App. Sources 140
Notes 143
References in Western Languages 155
References in Chinese and Japanese 165
Local and Temple Gazetteers 171
Personal Communications 171
Index 172
Notes: LCCN: 93042662
ISBN: 0312102542
Includes bibliographical references (p. 155-171) and index
OCLC Number: 29566249
ISBN/ISSN: 0312102542