Future bioenergy and sustainable land use / [R. Schubert ... et al.]

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Subjects: Biomass energy
Biomass energy industries--Environmental aspects
Land use--Environmental aspects
Formats: Print
Material Type: Books
Language: English, German (translated from), Translation from German
Audience: Unspecified
Published: London ; Washington, DC : Earthscan, c2010
LC Classification: H, HD
Physical Description: xxvi, 365 p. : ill. (some col.), col. maps ; 28 cm
Table of Contents: Council Staff and Acknowledgments
Boxes
Tables
Figures
1. Introduction 19
2. Motives for deploying bioenergy 21
2.1. Current discourses on bioenergy 21
2.2. Sustainable global energy systems and land-use systems 23
3. Sustainability constraints upon bioenergy 27
3.1. Ecological sustainability 27
3.2. Socioeconomic sustainability 29
3.3. Conclusion 32
4. Bioenergy, land use and energy systems: Situation and trends 33
4.1. Bioenergy in the global energy system 33
4.2. Global land cover and land use 46
5. Competing uses 57
5.1. Introduction 57
5.2. Competition with food and feed production 57
5.3. Using biomass as an industrial feedstock 70
5.4. Competition with biological diversity 74
5.5. Land-use options for climate change mitigation 81
5.6. Competing use of soil and water 89
6. Modelling global energy crop potential 95
6.1. Previous appraisals of bioenergy potential 95
6.2. Global land-use models: The state of scientific knowledge 98
6.3. Description of the model 100
6.4. Model assumptions and scenarios 102
6.5. Results of the modelling of the global potential of energy crops 108
6.6. Key uncertainties in the modelling 116
6.7. Regional survey 123
6.8. Interpretation and conclusions 128
7. Biomass cultivation and conversion to energy 133
7.1. Cultivation systems for biomass production as energy resource 133
7.2. Technical and economic analysis and appraisal of bioenergy pathways 151
7.3. Greenhouse gas balances 170
8. Optimizing bioenergy integration and deployment in energy systems 189
8.1. Bioenergy as a part of sustainable energy supply in industrialized countries 189
8.2. Bioenergy as a part of sustainable energy supply in developing countries 201
9. Sustainable biomass production and bioenergy deployment: A synthesis 209
9.1. Sustainable production of biomass as an energy resource: The key considerations 209
9.2. Conversion, application and integration of bioenergy 210
10. Global bioenergy policy 219
10.1. Introduction 219
10.2. International climate policy 220
10.3. Standards for the production of bioenergy carriers 233
10.4. Options for securing the world food supply in the context of a sustainable bioenergy policy 252
10.5. International biodiversity policy and sustainable bioenergy 261
10.6. Water and soil conservation in the context of sustainable bioenergy policy 271
10.7. State promotion of bioenergy: Agricultural and industrial policies 273
10.8. Bioenergy and development cooperation 285
11. Research recommendations 303
11.1. Bioenergy use and the greenhouse gas balance 303
11.2. Sustainable bioenergy potential 305
11.3. Bioenergy and energy systems 308
11.4. Bioenergy and global land-use management 310
11.5. Shaping international bioenergy policy 312
12. Recommendations for action 315
12.1. Making bioenergy a consistent part of international climate policy 316
12.2. Introducing standards and certification for bioenergy and sustainable land use 318
12.3. Regulating competition between uses sustainably 320
12.4. Targeting bioenergy promotion policies 325
12.5. Harnessing sustainable bioenergy potential in developing and newly industrializing countries 328
12.6. Building structures for sustainable global bioenergy policy 330
13. References 333
14. Glossary 361
Alternate Title(s): Welt im Wandel.
Additional Authors: Schubert, Renate, 1955-
Wissenschaftlicher Beirat der Bundesregierung Globale Umweltveränderungen (Germany)
Notes: ISBN: 9781844078417 (hbk.)
ISBN: 1844078418 (hbk.)
At head of title: German Advisory Council on Global Change
Includes bibliographical references (p. [333]-359)
Translated from the German
Contents: Motives for deploying bioenergy -- Sustainability constraints upon bioenergy -- Bioenergy, land use and energy systems: situation and trends -- Competing uses -- Modelling global energy crop potential -- Biomass cultivation and conversion to energy -- Optimizing bioenergy integration and deployment in energy systems -- Sustainable biomass production and bioenergy deployment: a synthesis -- Global bioenergy policy -- Research recommendations -- Recommendations for action
Summary: "Because of the major opportunities and risks associated with it, and the complexity of the subject, bioenergy policy has in a short time become a challenging political task for regulators and planners - a task that can only be accomplished through worldwide cooperation and the creation of an international framework. WBGU's (German Advisory Council on Global Change) central message is that the sustainable potential of bioenergy, which can be tapped all over the world, should be utilized - provided that threats to sustainability are avoided. In particular, the use of bioenergy must not endanger food security or the goals of nature conservation and climate change mitigation."--Publisher's description
OCLC Number: 390797855
ISBN/ISSN: 9781844078417
1844078418