The American class structure in an age of growing inequality / Dennis Gilbert

Author(s): Gilbert, Dennis L
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Subjects: Social classes--United States
Equality--United States
Poverty--United States
United States--Social conditions
United States--Economic conditions
Formats: Print
Material Type: Books
Language: English
Audience: Unspecified
Edition: 8th ed
Published: Los Angeles : Pine Forge Press/SAGE, c2011
LC Classification: H, HN
Physical Description: xii, 297 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Table of Contents: About the Author
Preface
1. Social Class in America 1
Karl Marx 3
Max Weber 7
Three Issues and Ten Variables 10
What Are Social Classes? 11
An American Class Structure 13
Is the American Class Structure Changing? 15
Conclusion 18
Key Terms Defined in the Glossary 18
Suggested Readings 18
2. Position and Prestige 21
Prestige Classes in Yankee City / W. Lloyd Warner 22
Prestige Class as a Concept 25
How Many Classes? 25
Class Structure of the Metropolis 28
Prestige of Occupation 32
Occupations and Social Classes 35
People Like Us 35
Conclusion: Perception of Rank and Strata 38
Key Terms Defined in the Glossary 39
Suggested Readings 39
3. Social Class, Occupation, and Social Change 41
Middletown: 1890 and 1924 42
Middletown Revisited 43
Industrialization and the Transformation of the National Class Structure 44
The National Upper Class 45
The Industrial Working Class 47
The New Middle Class 49
National Occupational System 50
The Transformations of the American Occupational Structure 52
From Agricultural to Postindustrial Society 53
Women Workers in Postindustrial Society 56
Transformation of the Black Occupational Structure 58
Wages in the Age of Growing Inequality 60
Growing Inequality of Wages: Why? 63
Harrison and Bluestone: New Corporate Strategies 65
Frank and Cook: Winner Take All 67
Conclusion 68
Key Terms Defined in the Glossary 70
Suggested Readings 70
4. Wealth and Income 73
The Income Parade 74
Lessons From the Parade 78
The Distribution of Income 80
Sources of Income 83
Income Shares 83
Taxes and Transfers: The Government as Robin Hood? 84
How Many Poor? 86
Women and the Distribution of Household Income 87
The Distribution of Wealth 88
Trends in the Distribution of Wealth 90
Trends in the Distribution of Income 92
Income Dynamics 94
Changing Federal Tax Rates 95
Conclusion 97
Key Terms Defined in the Glossary 98
Suggested Readings 98
5. Socialization, Association, Lifestyles, and Values 99
Bourdieu: The Varieties of Capital 100
Children's Conception of Social Class 101
Kohn: Class and Socialization 102
Lareau: Child Rearing Observed 105
School and Marriage 108
Marriage Styles 111
Blue-Collar Marriages and Middle-Class Models 114
Social Class and Domestic Violence 118
Informal Association Among Adults 120
Formal Associations 122
Separate Lives 123
Conclusion 126
Key Terms Defined in the Glossary 127
Suggested Readings 127
6. Social Mobility: The Societal Context 129
How Much Mobility? 130
Wealth Mobility 133
Social Mobility of Women 134
Circulation and Structural Mobility 134
Declining Social Mobility 137
Conclusion 138
Key Terms Defined in the Glossary 138
Suggested Readings 138
7. Family, Education, and Career 141
Blau and Duncan: Analyzing Mobility Models 143
Jencks on Equality 147
Who Goes to College? 148
The Stratification of Higher Education 150
Conclusion 153
Key Terms Defined in the Glossary 154
Suggested Readings 154
8. Elites, the Capitalist Class, and Political Power 155
Three Perspectives on Power 156
Mills: The National Power Elite 156
Mills, His Critics, and the Problem of Elite Cohesion 158
Power Elite or Ruling Class? 161
Who Rules? 161
The National Capitalist Class: Economic Basis 165
The National Capitalist Class: Social Basis 170
The National Capitalist Class: Participation in Government 174
Money and Politics 176
Business Lobbies 179
Policy-Planning Groups 181
Indirect Mechanisms of Capitalist-Class Influence 182
The Capitalist-Class Resurgence 183
Conclusion 185
Key Terms Defined in the Glossary 186
Suggested Readings 186
9. Class Consciousness and Class Conflict 189
Marx and the Origins of Class Consciousness 191
Richard Centers and Class Identification 193
Correlates of Class Identification 194
Married Women and Class Identification 195
Class Identification, Political Opinion, and Voting 196
Bott: Frames of Reference 196
Elections and the Democratic Class Struggle 198
Class, Party, and Support for Social Programs 201
Class and Political Participation 201
Trends in Class Partisanship 204
Class Conflict and the Labor Movement 204
The Postwar Armistice: Unions in the Age of Shared Prosperity 207
Labor in Decline 208
Conclusion 210
Key Terms Defined in the Glossary 212
Suggested Readings 212
10. The Poor, the Underclass, and Public Policy 215
The Beginnings of Welfare: Roosevelt 216
Rediscovery of Poverty: Kennedy and Johnson 217
The Official Definition of Poverty 219
How Many Poor? 221
Who Are the Poor? 222
Trends in Poverty 225
The Underclass and the Transitory Poor 226
Restructuring Welfare 228
The Mystery of Persistent Poverty 231
Conclusion 236
Key Terms Defined in the Glossary 238
Suggested Readings 239
11. The American Class Structure and Growing Inequality 241
How Many Classes Are There? 242
The Capitalist Class 244
The Upper-Middle Class 246
The Middle Class 246
The Working Class 247
The Working Poor 248
The Underclass 248
Growing Inequality 249
Why? 252
Hard Times in the Age of Growing Inequality 253
Glossary 255
Bibliography 267
Note on Statistical Sources 287
Credits 289
Index 291
Notes: LCCN: 2009047288
ISBN: 9781412979658 (pbk.)
ISBN: 141297965X
Includes bibliographical references (p. 267-285) and index
OCLC Number: 460052659
ISBN/ISSN: 9781412979658
141297965X