Transition metals / Monica Halka and Brian Nordstrom

Author(s): Halka, Monica
Location:
Retrieving Holdings Information
Subjects: Transition metals
Periodic law
Formats: Print
Material Type: Books
Language: English
Audience: Unspecified
Published: New York, NY : Facts on File, c2011
Series: Periodic table of the elements
Periodic table of the elements
LC Classification: Q, QD
Physical Description: xxxiv, 190 p. : col. ill. ; 25 cm
Table of Contents: Preface viii
Acknowledgments xii
Introduction xiv
Overview: Chemistry and Physics Background xix
1.. The Scandium Group 1
The Astrophysics of Scandium and Yttrium 3
Discovery and Naming of Scandium and Yttrium 4
The Chemistry of Scandium and Yttrium 6
The Rare Earth Connection 7
Scandium and Espionage 8
Scandium Strengthens Aluminum Alloys 9
Technology and Current Uses of the Scandium Group 10
2.. The Titanium and Vanadium Groups 12
The Astrophysics of the Titanium Group: Ti, Zr, Hf 14
Discovery and Naming of Titanium, Zirconium, and Hafnium 16
The Chemistry of the Titanium Group 17
Titanium in the Aerospace Industry 21
Zirconium in Aluminum Alloys 23
Hafnium Can Replace Silicon in Transistors 24
Technology and Current Uses of the Titanium Group 25
The Astrophysics of the Vanadium Group: V, Nb, Ta 28
Discovery and Naming of Vanadium, Niobium, and Tantalum 31
The Chemistry of the Vanadium Group 32
Reducing the Size of Particle Accelerators 36
Triniobium Tin in Superconducting Magnets 37
Technology and Current Uses of the Vanadium Group 39
3.. The Chromium and Manganese Groups 40
The Astrophysics of the Chromium Group: Cr, Mo, W 42
Discovery and Naming of Chromium, Molybdenum, and Tungsten 43
The Geology of the Chromium Group 45
The Chemistry of the Chromium Group 46
Chromium and the Magnetism of Stainless Steel 50
Tungsten's Use in Munitions 52
Discovering the Hazards of Chromium in Drinking Water 54
Technology and Current Uses of the Chromium Group 55
The Astrophysics of the Manganese Group: Mn, Tc, Re 56
Discovery and Naming of Manganese, Technetium, and Rhenium 59
The Chemistry of the Manganese Group 62
Technology and Current Uses of the Manganese Group 67
4.. The Iron, Cobalt, and Nickel Groups 68
The Astrophysics of Iron, Cobalt, and Nickel 71
Discovery and Naming of Iron, Cobalt, and Nickel 74
The Iron Age 75
The Chemistry of Iron 77
The Chemistry of Cobalt 80
Cobalt: The Distinctive Blue 81
The Chemistry of Nickel 83
Technology and Current Uses of Iron, Cobalt, and Nickel 84
The Platinum Metals 85
The Astrophysics of the Platinum Metals: Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Pt 86
Discovery and Naming of the Platinum Metals 90
The Chemistry of the Platinum Metals 92
Technology and Current Uses of the Platinum Metals 92
Palladium and Cold Fusion 93
5.. The Copper Group 96
The Astrophysics of the Copper Group: Cu, Ag, Au 99
A History of Coinage 100
The Chemistry of Copper 103
The Chemistry of Silver 105
The Chemistry of Gold 106
The Rush for Gold 107
Hard-Rock Mining: The Environmental Costs 108
Technology and Current Uses of Copper 110
Technology and Current Uses of Silver 111
Technology and Current Uses of Gold 111
6.. The Zinc Group 113
The Astrophysics of the Zinc Group: Zn, Cd, Hg 118
Discovery and Naming of Zinc, Cadmium, and Mercury 119
A Famed Mythology 120
The Chemistry of Zinc 120
The Chemistry of Cadmium 123
The Chemistry of Mercury 124
Environmental Mercury Risks 125
Technology and Current Uses of Zinc, Cadmium, and Mercury 126
7.. Conclusions and Future Directions 129
Speculations on Further Developments 129
New Physics 130
New Chemistry 131
SI Units and Conversions 134
List of Acronyms 136
Periodic Table of the Elements 137
Table of the Elements Categories 138
Chronology 139
Glossary 147
Further Resources 167
General Resources 173
Index 179
Additional Authors: Nordstrom, Brian
Notes: LCCN: 2009054139
ISBN: 9780816073719 (alk. paper)
ISBN: 0816073716 (alk. paper)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 167-178) and index
Contents: Machine generated contents note: 1.The Scandium Group -- The Astrophysics of Scandium and Yttrium -- Discovery and Naming of Scandium and Yttrium -- The Chemistry of Scandium and Yttrium -- The Rare Earth Connection -- Scandium and Espionage -- Scandium Strengthens Aluminum Alloys -- Technology and Current Uses of the Scandium Group -- 2.The Titanium and Vanadium Groups -- The Astrophysics of the Titanium Group: Ti, Zr, Hf -- Discovery and Naming of Titanium, Zirconium, and Hafnium -- The Chemistry of the Titanium Group -- Titanium in the Aerospace Industry -- Zirconium in Aluminum Alloys -- Hafnium Can Replace Silicon in Transistors -- Technology and Current Uses of the Titanium Group -- The Astrophysics of the Vanadium Group: V, Nb, Ta -- Discovery and Naming of Vanadium, Niobium, and Tantalum -- The Chemistry of the Vanadium Group -- Reducing the Size of Particle Accelerators -- Triniobium Tin in Superconducting Magnets -- Technology and Current Uses of the Vanadium Group -- 3.The Chromium and Manganese Groups -- The Astrophysics of the Chromium Group: Cr, Mo, W -- Discovery and Naming of Chromium, Molybdenum, and Tungsten -- The Geology of the Chromium Group -- The Chemistry of the Chromium Group -- Chromium and the Magnetism of Stainless Steel -- Tungsten's Use in Munitions -- Discovering the Hazards of Chromium in Drinking Water -- Technology and Current Uses of the Chromium Group -- The Astrophysics of the Manganese Group: Mn, Tc, Re -- Discovery and Naming of Manganese, Technetium, and Rhenium -- The Chemistry of the Manganese Group -- Technology and Current Uses of the Manganese Group -- 4.The Iron, Cobalt, and Nickel Groups -- The Astrophysics of Iron, Cobalt, and Nickel -- Discovery and Naming of Iron, Cobalt, and Nickel -- The Iron Age -- The Chemistry of Iron -- The Chemistry of Cobalt -- Cobalt: The Distinctive Blue -- The Chemistry of Nickel -- Technology and Current Uses of Iron, Cobalt, and Nickel -- The Platinum Metals -- The Astrophysics of the Platinum Metals: Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Pt -- Discovery and Naming of the Platinum Metals -- The Chemistry of the Platinum Metals -- Technology and Current Uses of the Platinum Metals -- Palladium and Cold Fusion -- 5.The Copper Group -- The Astrophysics of the Copper Group: Cu, Ag, Au -- A History of Coinage -- The Chemistry of Copper -- The Chemistry of Silver -- The Chemistry of Gold -- The Rush for Gold -- Hard-Rock Mining: The Environmental Costs -- Technology and Current Uses of Copper -- Technology and Current Uses of Silver -- Technology and Current Uses of Gold -- 6.The Zinc Group -- The Astrophysics of the Zinc Group: Zn, Cd, Hg -- Discovery and Naming of Zinc, Cadmium, and Mercury -- A Famed Mythology -- The Chemistry of Zinc -- The Chemistry of Cadmium -- The Chemistry of Mercury -- Environmental Mercury Risks -- Technology and Current Uses of Zinc, Cadmium, and Mercury -- 7.Conclusions and Future Directions -- Speculations on Further Developments -- New Physics -- New Chemistry
OCLC Number: 401140557
ISBN/ISSN: 9780816073719
0816073716